In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

What is IVF?

In an in vitro fertilization procedure, eggs are collected from the woman's ovaries and mixed with the man's sperm outside the body, usually in a glass dish in a laboratory. "In vitro" comes from Latin and literally means "in glass," a reference to the glass container where fertilization of the egg oocyteoocyte takes place. (While this is usually a dish, the term "test-tube babies" has become widely used.) The fertilized eggs are then cultivated for a few days in the laboratory and transferred to the woman's uterus. IVF allows men and women to circumvent a variety of fertility problems, from tubal infertility and diminished ovarian reserve to problems with sperm. With a 30-plus-year history since the birth of the first "test-tube baby," IVF has helped millions of couples build and expand their families. CHR, with a history nearly as long, is proud to have been instrumental in more than 17,000 pregnancies--a number still growing every day!

Why Individualization is Crucial

Dr. Barad explains why individualized treatment is crucial in achieving the best possible IVF outcome for each patient.

Who needs in vitro fertilization (IVF)?

Couples may benefit from in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment if the any one of the following factors are present:

Female Factors Male Factors
  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, including past tubal ligation
  • Ovaries are unresponsive to fertility medications, such as clomiphene citrate (Clomid)
  • Immunological factors
  • EndometriosisEndometriosis -related infertility
  • "Unexplained" infertility
  • Poor sperm motility (sperm does not move well)
  • Poor sperm morphology (misshapen sperm)
  • Low sperm count
  • "Unexplained" infertility


CHR was one of the first IVF centers in the United States and has long been recognized as one of the best IVF centers in the world. Since 1981, more than 17,000 pregnancies have been achieved at our center using IVF and other advanced assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

CHR experts work closely with women and couples undergoing the many different types of IVF cycle protocols with a wide array of different clinical circumstances. We are renowned for our specialized knowledge in helping patients struggling with difficult cases of infertility, often involving medical conditions that may require special considerations in planning and management of fertility treatments. CHR's expertise in IVF lies in our willingness and ability to individualize our approach to best suit each one of our patients.

Read more about IVF Treatment

Last Updated: November 15, 2014

Additional Resources

Influenza vaccination during pregnancy reduces stillbirths These pages regularly report on the importance of a normally functioning maternal immune system for normal reproduction. Here is further


ASRM Comments on Newly Released 2014 IVF Outcome Data With release of the 2014 national IVF outcome report by the SART, an ASRM Bulletin was issued, reporting “increases in

Get a Second Opinion
second opinion cta

1/3 of women who have been told they need egg donation actually wind up conceiving at the CHR with their own eggs.