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Lifestyle Changes to Improve Male Fertility

The Center for Human Reproduction’s Dr. Vitaly A Kushnir explains that many cases of male infertility can be treated by simple lifestyle changes like smoking cessation and weight loss.

So after the initial evaluation, depending on what’s found, there can be very easy treatments for male factor infertility, and sometimes these are just lifestyle modifications. For example, if somebody is obese, they can potentially lose weight or if somebody is abusing steroids for body building, they can stop that, and this can help a lot for improving their sperm count. There are other supplements that can be taken when the cause is not so clear cut that can help with male factor infertility and there have been many studies looking at antioxidants, for example. We have experience using CoQ10 and other antioxidants at our practice to help with improving male factor infertility. Obviously cutting down on smoking, cutting down on excess alcohol intake, also many men don’t realize that using lubricants during intercourse can interfere with sperm functions, so we talk to them about this. There are certain lubricants that don’t seem to affect sperm motility, but most lubricants are actually toxic to sperm. Also there are certain medications that can potentially be harmful to sperm production, so we talk to them about which medications can they potentially get off of if they are being treated for certain other diseases. It’s also important to try to time intercourse to when their spouse is ovulating, to optimize the chances of conception, and we talk to couples about how to optimize the timing of intercourse and the frequency of intercourse to improve their chances of getting pregnant on their own.