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Practical consequences of COVID-19 for CHR's fertility patients

Practical consequences of COVID-19 for CHR's fertility patients

CHR has a new informed consent, informing patients on the potential risks of COVID-19 infection during fertility treatment and pregnancy. Image by Christian Bowen via Unsplash.

We have repeatedly, and in detail, laid out in these pages and in CHR’s intermittent COVID-19 Bulletins why CHR made the decision to remain open, while most other IVF centers decided to close down. Though it was a controversial decision, we are pleased to report that CHR’s position on this matter was validated, when New York's Governor Cuomo last month reaffirmed medical infertility services as “essential.” We are even more pleased that our field’s authoritative society, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), also just a few days ago, updated its formal guidance to IVF centers, encouraging their reopening. As a consequence, IVF centers in NYC and all around the country have announced resumption of patient care. We, therefore, strongly hope that during the month of May, fertility services in the nation (and elsewhere in the world) will return to normal.

For CHR patients, this is an especially important development since many of our patients (indeed, a majority) are long-distance patients, often dependent on local colleagues in their respective locations, who are gracious enough to help CHR in early-stage monitoring of these patients during IVF cycles. Since no IVF centers remained open in many U.S., Canadian and even European locales, many CHR patients who did require urgent IVF treatment could not get started locally with their cycles over the last two months. Some centers that remained open also refused to provide monitoring services. Because of COVID-19 times, our patients were often unable to come to NYC for the whole length of their IVF cycles, which would have been another option. We, therefore, over the next few weeks, expect a short-term increase in IVF cycle starts and would like to encourage our long-distance patients to let their Clinical Coordinators know as soon as they are considering starting a cycle. Because COVID-19 remains an acute issue, we here at CHR, have to maintain strict COVID-19 precautions, which means that, in the foreseeable future, we will continue to rotate our staff. This, of course, means that the number of IVF cycles we will be able to initiate in any given week/month will have to be limited. Spots will be assigned on a first-come-first-served basis.

We would also like to take this opportunity to address another related subject, which we have previously addressed in these pages and in CHR’s COVID-19 Bulletins: Though early reports have been reassuring, we must reemphasize that the effects of the virus on pregnancy are, still, not fully determined. Currently available studies suggest that, considering how aggressive the virus can behave in some patients, its apparent effects on pregnancy appear surprisingly minimal. There currently is, for example, no convincing evidence that the virus crosses into the fetal compartment during pregnancy and infects offspring. Yet, mothers can, of course, get infected and can, and will, experience pretty much all the potential consequences of the virus other COVID-19 patients experience (including in some cases admission to ICUs and need for respiratory support). In that sense, the virus, therefore, can affect pregnancies, though, in contrast to the influenza virus which in pregnancy causes more severe disease, COVID-19 apparently does not do that.

Patients who start fertility treatments must be aware of these facts and, following a recommendation from the field’s professional organization, the ASRM, CHR has added a special COVID-19 informed consent that patients are now asked to sign in confirmation of their understanding that a potential infection with the virus during treatment can obviously interrupt such treatment (because any treatment cycle would have to be stopped) and/or, at least potentially, can affect an already pregnant woman in her pregnancy.

CHR's COVID-19 Bulletins

This is a part of the May 2020 CHR VOICE.

Norbert Gleicher, MD

Norbert Gleicher, MD, FACOG, FACS

Norbert Gleicher, MD, leads CHR’s clinical and research efforts as Medical Director and Chief Scientist. A world-renowned specialist in reproductive endocrinology, Dr. Gleicher has published hundreds of peer-reviewed papers and lectured globally while keeping an active clinical career focused on ovarian aging, immunological issues and other difficult cases of infertility.

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