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Euploid miscarriage is associated with elevated serum C-reactive protein levels in infertile women: a pilot study


Purpose: Increased serum C-protein (CRP) levels reduce fecundity in healthy eumenorrheic women with 1-2 pregnancy losses. Subclinical systemic inflammation may impede maternal immune tolerance toward the fetal semi-allograft, compromising implantation and early embryonic development. Some miscarriages with normal karyotypes could, therefore, be caused by inflammation. Whether pre-pregnancy CRP relates to karyotypes of spontaneously aborted products of conception (POCs) was investigated.

Methods: A study cohort of 100 infertile women with missed abortions who underwent vacuum aspirations followed by cytogenetic analysis of their products of conception tissue was evaluated at an academically affiliated fertility center. Since a normal female fetus cannot be differentiated from maternal cell contamination (MCC) in conventional chromosomal analyses, POC testing was performed by chromosomal microarray analysis. MCC cases and incomplete data were excluded. Associations of elevated CRP with first trimester pregnancy loss in the presence of a normal fetal karyotype were investigated.

Results: Mean patients' age was 39.9 ± 5.8 years; they demonstrated a BMI of 23.9 ± 4.6 kg/m2 and antiMullerian hormone (AMH) of 1.7 ± 2.4 ng/mL; 21.3% were parous, 19.1% reported no prior pregnancy losses, 36.2% 1-2 and 6.4% ≥ 3 losses. Karyotypes were normal in 34% and abnormal in 66%. Adjusted for BMI, women with elevated CRP were more likely to experience euploid pregnancy loss (p = 0.03). This relationship persisted when controlled for female age and AMH.

Conclusions: Women with elevated CRP levels were more likely to experience first trimester miscarriage with normal fetal karyotype. This relationship suggests an association between subclinical inflammation and miscarriage.

Published in the Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

Citation Page #: 2020;301(3):831-836.

Journal: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

Author Publication: Weghofer A, Barad DH, Darmon SK, Kushnir VA, Albertini DF, Gleicher N.

Publication Link:

Date: 2020


Norbert Gleicher, MD

Norbert Gleicher, MD, FACOG, FACS

Norbert Gleicher, MD, leads CHR’s clinical and research efforts as Medical Director and Chief Scientist. A world-renowned specialist in reproductive endocrinology, Dr. Gleicher has published hundreds of peer-reviewed papers and lectured globally while keeping an active clinical career focused on ovarian aging, immunological issues and other difficult cases of infertility.

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